Making Paper Always Destroys Forests
European Forests have grown by over 30% since 1950 and are increasing by 1.5 million football pitches every year - an area four times the size of London. (1)
90% of deforestation is caused by unsustainable agricultural practices.'
Underlying causes of deforestation, World Rainforest Movement; UN FAO
55% of the worlds wood harvest is used for energy and 25% construction. There are some other uses but paper only directly takes and in addition can utilise up to 7% from construction waste.
Derived from FAOSTAT 2011
In some countries, Particularly in the tropics, there are issues over land rights and natural forest conversion to industrial plantations which are cause for concern to the paper industry, NGOs and consumers alike.
'The single biggest direct cause of tropical deforestation is conversion to crop land and pasture, mainly for subsistence.'
www.replantingtherainforests.org, April 2013
The Two Sides initiative supports solutions to these problems and recognizes the need to support products which can clearly be traced to sustainable sources.
In northern Europe, where almost all ancient forests are protected, paper comes from managed semi-natural forests where the cycle of planting, growing and logging is carefully controlled. Historical concerns in northern Europe and Canada have now been largely resolved through co-operation between legislators, campaigners and forest industries to protect ancient forests.
82.7% of the pulp we use originates from Europe.'
CEPI Sustainability Report, 2011, Page 26
Well managed forests provide a natural habitat for wildlife. There is always room for improvement and the European Environment Agency (EEA) has stated that 'Forestry practice in Europe is developing in a way that can be considered good for biodiversity.' (2) All imported pulp to Europe is covered by EU Timber Regulation which prohibits the import of wood products from illegally harvested timber.
Forests cover almost half of Europe's land and forest area continues to increase. ' Over the last 20 years the forest area has expanded in all European regions '.
MCPFE, State of Europe's Forests, 2011, Page 7
(3) In South Africa, all paper is produced from plantation-grown trees, recycled paper or bagasse (sugar cane fibre). Plantation-grown trees are farmed for paper, just as maize is planted for cereals and wheat for bread. Our fibre is not sourced from the wood of rainforests, indigenous or boreal trees.